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How To Choose A Saltwater Trolling Motor?


A trolling motor is a unit that includes controller, propeller, and small electric motor located on the bow or stern of a boat. Trolling motors allows piscators to fish methodically and quietly, without spooking the fishes. Often attached at the bow or stern, trolling motors are powered by batteries and controlled by remote or pedals (foot or hand). It offers enhanced steerability and pleasant fishing experience.

With features that can do more than stealthily maneuver the boat, some trolling motors have features like GPS integration, spot-lock, and more, these features can be considered when choosing a trolling motor. This article aims to explain mount type to the reader and what should be considered while choosing a saltwater trolling motor.

Understanding the mount type

There are different types of trolling motors – bow, engine, and transom trolling motor. Each of these trolling motors is designed to considering the size, type, and requirements of the boat.

  • Bow Mount trolling motor:

    Bow Mount is one of the most popular trolling motors for fishers with large or medium-sized boats. It provides significantly better control and precise steering and offers more features than the other trolling motors. The motor has a broader range of control options like the hand, foot, and wireless remote.

    Most of the bow-mounted trolling motors are foot-operated. Steering is controlled by pressing the foot pedal down or up, which provides control on the motor steer. Some boats have trays built into the floor that helps keep the level of a foot pedal.

  • With the deck being attractive:

    Bow Mount is more expensive and requires a lot of deck space than transom and engine motors.

  • Transom trolling motors:

    Transom trolling motors are popular among smaller boats like canoes as they are easier to install. A transom motor simply clamps onto the boat’s stern and will work with any style of craft. Transom mounts are also quite more comfortable operating from the back of the boat. Because of its more straightforward design, transom trolling motors are quite affordable.

  • Engine trolling motors:

    Engine trolling motors is a multi-purpose trolling motor. Engine mount trolling motors simply provide thrust, and the boat is steered by the outboard motor – either by the wheel or by hand, as the trolling motor is mounted directly to it. These trolling motors are quite convenient and space-saving mounts. But compared to the other mounting motors engine trolling motor is expensive and more difficult to control.

Choosing a saltwater trolling motor

Trolling motors look similar, but not all of them are created equally. Choosing the best motor for your boat includes several factors, emphasizing the size and type of your boat. The trolling motor needs to be a perfect match for your boat for you to perform your best and strike a perfect lure presentation. Read below to know how to choose a perfect trolling motor for your boat.

  • Thrust:

    Trolling motors use thrust instead of horsepower, which ranges from 30lbs to 112lbs. If there is one thing you want to avoid, it is buying a motor with minimal thrust. Thrust determines how potent your motor is. Your boat’s weight and size ultimately determines the amount of thrust needed to achieve a satisfactory result on water. As a general rule, with every 100 pounds of fully-loaded boat weight, your boat would need at least 2 pounds of thrust.

  • Volts:

    volts determine how much battery power your trolling motor would require. With every 12 volts in your trolling system, you would require one battery. Voltage and thrust are correlated. A higher voltage will create more thrust, and thus longer battery life. Smaller boats up to 15 feet would ideally require 12 – 24 volts ( 1 battery), slightly larger boats up to 19 feet would require 24 – 36 volts ( 2 batteries), and larger boats up to 20 feet would require 36 volts ( 3 batteries).

  • Shaft length:

    You will make sure that the trolling motor’s shaft length is appropriate to the size of the boat, especially for bow mount trolling motors. The distance between the transom and the waterline is generally the same for most boats; however, bow distances can vary greatly.

    For a rough shaft length estimate for bow motors, measure the distance from the top of your bow to the waterline and add about 18 inches. For transom motors, shaft length is generally between 30″ to 42″, depending on boat length.

  • Technical resources:

    Depending on the cost, you can buy a trolling motor with highly useful fishing tools. Features like GPS help you find fishing spots, the Spot lock feature keeps the boat in position. At the same time, you enjoy fishing. Motors can also record and retrace the paths. You can have complete command on speed and steering – all these features can be used just by the help of a wireless remote.

  • Fishing area and conditions:

    Where you usually fish will also play a role in determining which motor is best for you. Do you fish in fresh or saltwater? Are you on a large body of water or a small pond? If you typically fish in small lakes with minimal current, you can usually get away with buying a motor with the minimum thrust.

    However, if you tend to fish in water bodies with fast-moving currents, you will want to get a motor that exceeds the minimum level of thrust recommended for your boat type.


Accordingly, the reader will make sure that the trolling motor invention can steer a boat significantly while the trolling motor is running. Trolling motors add a completely new aspect to fishing. Perfecting boat control, fishing in exclusive areas, and maintaining a silent approach will ensure an added enjoyment and more fish for according to the piscators will experiment.

Although the description above contains many stipulations, these should not be construed as limiting the design of the invention. They merely provide illustrations of things to be noted while purchasing a trolling motor. Choose the saltwater trolling motor according to your needs.